Number theory seminar in memory of F. Momose

Galois representations attached to points on Shimura curves.


Carlos de Vera Piquero


In this talk I will explain a method to study rational points over a number field $K$ on a coarse moduli space $X$ of abelian varieties with endomorphism structure, especially in the case where the moduli problem is not fine and points in $X(K)$ may not be represented by an abelian variety admitting a model rational over $K$. The main idea, inspired on the work of Ellenberg and Skinner on the modularity of $\mathbb{Q}$-curves, is that we can attach certain Galois representations to points in $X(K)$ rather than to the abelian varieties representing them. This method can be applied to extend some results of Jordan (1986) and Skorobogatov (2005) on the non-existence of rational points on Shimura curves over imaginary quadratic fields, obtaining new counterexamples to the Hasse principle that are accounted for by the Brauer-Manin obstruction. It can also be applied to produce examples of Atkin-Lehner quotients of Shimura curves violating the Hasse principle over $\mathbb{Q}$. This is joint work with V. Rotger.


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